Research Oldest Tarot Imperatori Ferrara 1441 Documents 5x14 Boiardo
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14 Figure

01  1442/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
02  1442/2  Ferrara/Kids
03  1449/1  Marcello letter
04  1450/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
05  1450/2  Florence
06  1450/3  Sforza letter
07  1451/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
08  1452/1  Malatesta/Sforza
09  1454/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
10  1454/2  Ferrara/Sagramoro
11  1454/3  Ferrara/production
12  1454/4  Ferrara/production
13  1454/5  Ferrara/production
14  1456/1  Ferrara/Trotti
15  1456/2  Ferrara/Sagramoro
16  1457/1  Ferrara/70 cards
17  1457/2  Ferrara/Vicenza
18  1458/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
19  1459/1  Ferrara/production
20  1459/2  Bologna
21  1460/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
22  1460/2  Ferrara/Vicenza
23  1460/3  Ferrara/Vicenza
24  1460/4  Ferrara/Vicenza
25  1460/5  Ferrara/Vicenza
26  1461/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
27  1463/1  Ferrara /Vicenza
28 Polismagna

Artist + Persons
The Name Trionfi
in Context with Playing Cards (1441 - 1463)

Document 02

Sigismondo and Ercole, the brothers of Leonello, are 9 and 11 years old, so this document refers to a deck for kids. This is the second entry about Trionfi from Ferrara (same year as the first). After that Trionfi is not mentioned for 8 years in Ferrara in the account books, so one might conclude, that the interest in them is not very high at the beginning. Perhaps they were only interesting to kids, which loved the new figures. Instead of further early notes about Trionfi decks appear 6 entries, which document an interest in Imperatori cards (1443). The price is around 12 soldi, which is around 1/8 of the price, which was paid for a single deck for Leonello in February, but, considering, that this is only "for the kids", this doesn't surprize. Still it is a rather expensive toy (a humble worker had to work a week for this sum) and doesn't allow the conclusion, that a mass market for Trionfi deck existed at this time.
Ercole became later duke of Ferrara and it is assumed, that most of the playing cards that we know from Ferrara are commissioned under his rule. From Sigismondo is known, that he later lost heavy sums of money in gambling. The merchant Burdochi had in the year 1442 various exchanges with Sagramoro, the painter of the first mentioned Trionfi cards. From later years nothing in known about him.

Compare: Kids and Burdochi

1442 [28 July – credit to Marchione Burdochi, merchant]:

E adi dicto per uno paro de carte da trionfi; ave Iacomo guerzo famelio per uxo de Messer Erchules e Sigismondo frateli de lo Signore. Apare mandato a c___,………… L. 0.XII.III [Franceschini 1996:170; cf. Bertoni 1917:220 note 3]

Preliminary translation by Ross Gregory Caldwell

2) And on the said day for one pack of triumph cards; has Iacomo “cross-eyed”, servant, for the use of Masters Ercole and Sigismondo brothers of the Lord. Appearing in mandate at c. ______, ………….L. 0. XII. III
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Caldwell / autorbis

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