Research Oldest Tarot Imperatori Ferrara 1441 Documents 5x14 Boiardo
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01  1442/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
02  1442/2  Ferrara/Kids
03  1449/1  Marcello letter
04  1450/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
05  1450/2  Florence
06  1450/3  Sforza letter
07  1451/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
08  1452/1  Malatesta/Sforza
09  1454/1  Ferrara/Sagramoro
10  1454/2  Ferrara/Sagramoro
11  1454/3  Ferrara/production
12  1454/4  Ferrara/production
13  1454/5  Ferrara/production
14  1456/1  Ferrara/Trotti
15  1456/2  Ferrara/Sagramoro
16  1457/1  Ferrara/70 cards
17  1457/2  Ferrara/Vicenza
18  1458/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
19  1459/1  Ferrara/production
20  1459/2  Bologna
21  1460/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
22  1460/2  Ferrara/Vicenza
23  1460/3  Ferrara/Vicenza
24  1460/4  Ferrara/Vicenza
25  1460/5  Ferrara/Vicenza
26  1461/1  Ferrara/Vicenza
27  1463/1  Ferrara /Vicenza
28 Polismagna

Artist + Persons
The Name Trionfi
in Context with Playing Cards (1441 - 1463)

Document 16

This entry is of great importance for the 5x14-theory cause of the mentioned "70-cards". When we detected the existence of this document, final doubts about the theory droped from the table. I've had heard from "70 cards" in Ferrara, but had imagined, that the entry was from aroud 1445. When it turned out, that the note was as late as 1457 all my imaginations about the state of the early Trionfi decks turned out to be true.
Also of importance is the declaration of the worth of "one ducato", which is according to the note equal to 56 soldi or 2 4/5 lira (1 lira = 20 soldi). The most worthful playing card deck in Ferrara was produced in 1423 for 40 ducatos (which should be according to the above note 112 lira). This is a horrible price in relation to that what Sagramoro got for his decks, but looks small in relation to the unbelievable high price for the Michelino deck (1500 ducatos).
This is the first (and best paid) production done by Gherardo di Andrea da Vizenza, who dominates the card production scene in Ferrara from 1457 - 1463. Gherardo is already a relatively old man in 1457, when he replaced Sagramoro, the major card producer in the Ferrarese account books from 1422 - 1456, being recorded as active as artist together with his father already in 1424. Two old men, Sagramoro and Gherardo, as the leading Trionfi card painters - this might indicate, that Trionfi cards were prefered to be painted in an oldfashioned style.
In July 1457 Galeazzo Maria Sforza (13 years old) visited Ferrara. From here he wrote a wrote a letter to his father, that they played cards and visited the tennis court. The document is of some importance to the history of tennis, Galeazzo became a sponsor of the sport later. Probably the card production noted above relates to the preparations for this visit.

Ross Gregory Caldwell researched the Galeazzo visit: Pizzagalli says that Galeazzo Maria left Milan on the 19th of July. The next day (20) he wrote his father from Pavia, asking if he could take two French books with him. Then a two-day journey to Ferrara. He must have arrived the 22nd or 23rd of July. He stayed until September 8, so just under seven weeks [Tra due dinastie 164-168].
The Guardaroba entries (Franceschini I,823m-s) mention a good deal of artistic preparation for Galeazzo's visit, mostly by Gerardo di Andrea da Vicenza. Two packs of trionfi cards are recorded, possibly related to his visit.

21 July, the 70 big trionfi cards (this document 16) (823m)
2 August, Petrecino's pack of trionfi cards (document 17) (823s)

The Diario Ferrarese doesn't mention this visit.

His second visit was in 1459, where Ferrara was one of the stops along the way to the Conference of Mantua. Pizzagalli describes it on pp. 180-185. Accompanied by 350 horses (the Diario Ferrarese has 310), the first stop was Parma, April 9.
April 11, Modena.
April 17, Florence [Pope and cardinals are there].
May 4, leave Florence.
May 9, Bologna.
May 17, Ferrara (Diario).
May 25, leave Ferrara.
May 27, Mantua.

A third visit is recorded in the Diario Ferrarese, on August 16, 1461. Galeazzo dines in the home of Ludovico Casella, Borso's "referendario," in the company of Ludovico Gonzaga, his son, and Duke Borso.

Well ... this entry became our personal triumphal chariot

Tennis boy, Cremona 1570

1457 [21 July – payment to Gerardo di Andrea da Vicenza]

Maestro Girardo de Andrea da Vizenza dipintore de avere adi 21 de luglio per sua fatura et spesa d'oro fino, coluri, de avere depinto para due de carte grande da trionfi, che sono carte 70 per zogo, le quale sono mese d'oro fitamente, et fate tute de coluri fini et brunide, et depinte de roverso uno paro rosa, uno paro verde. Le quale ebe Piedro de Schiveto per uxo de lo Signore ; de quale dito dimanda ducati 8 del paro, a soldi 56 per ducato, fano lire 22, soldi 8 ; et Galioto li tasa lire 28. Se n'abate soldi 2 per lira, sono 2, soldi 16; resta suo credito…L.25.4.

[Franceschini 1993 n. 823m (p. 485) ; cf. Campori 1874:10 (otherwise 127-128), and Ortalli 1996b:186]

Preliminary translation
(by Ross Gregory Caldwell)

Maestro Gerardo di Andrea da Vicenza, painter, having the 21st day of July, for his making and expense in fine gold, coloured, for having painted two packs of big triumph cards, which are 70 cards per deck, covered thickly with gold, and made entirely of colours fine and rich, and painted on the reverse one pack red, one pack green. The which had Piedro de Schiveto for the use of the Lord; the which said [Gerardo] asked 8 ducats per pack, at 56 soldi per ducat, totalling 22 lire, 8 soldi; and Galeotto the tax 28 lire. Subracting 2 soldi per lira, which is 2, 16 soldi; remains to his credit … L. 25. 4.
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